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Understanding Real Estate Agreement Breaches: Causes and Consequences

Here is my improved version of the article:

Introduction: Real estate transactions are among the most significant and complex deals that buyers and sellers can engage in. They involve legal contracts that specify the terms and conditions of the sale or purchase of a property, such as the price, the closing date, the contingencies, and the disclosures. However, sometimes these contracts can be breached, meaning that one or both parties fail to perform their obligations or violate the agreement in some way. A breach of contract can have serious and costly consequences for the parties involved, such as financial losses, legal disputes, and reputational damage. Therefore, it is important for buyers and sellers to understand the common causes of breaches, the potential outcomes, and the available remedies. In this article, we will explore these aspects of real estate agreement breaches and also discuss how LegalPay, a leading legal finance company, can help litigants manage the challenges of litigation effectively and efficiently. LegalPay is more than just a financial support provider; it is a strategic partner that offers a unique blend of financial solutions and legal expertise to empower litigants to pursue their legal rights without being constrained by exorbitant costs.

Causes of Real Estate Agreement Breaches: A breach of a real estate agreement occurs when one party fails to perform their duties or obligations under the contract. There are many possible causes of breaches, but some of the most common ones are:

  1. Financing Problems:

    • One of the most common causes of breaches is financing problems. This can happen when the buyer’s financial circumstances change after signing the contract, making them unable to obtain the necessary loan or mortgage to complete the purchase. Alternatively, the buyer may fail to meet the loan conditions set by the lender, such as providing proof of income, credit score, or down payment. Sometimes, external factors such as economic downturns, interest rate fluctuations, or market changes can also affect the buyer’s ability to secure financing. Financing problems can result in the buyer being unable to close the deal, or the seller being unable to accept the buyer’s offer. This can lead to a breach of contract by either party, depending on the terms and clauses of the agreement. For example, if the contract has a financing contingency, which allows the buyer to back out of the deal without penalty if they cannot obtain financing, then the buyer can terminate the contract without breaching it. However, if the contract does not have such a contingency, or if the buyer fails to notify the seller of their financing issues within the specified time frame, then the buyer can be held liable for breaching the contract.

2. Inspection Clauses:

  • Another common cause of breaches is inspection clauses. These are provisions in the contract that allow the buyer to inspect the property and request repairs or price adjustments based on the findings. However, sometimes the buyer and the seller may disagree on the extent or cost of the repairs, or the seller may refuse to make the repairs or lower the price. This can lead to a stalemate or a cancellation of the contract. Inspection clauses can also result in breaches if the parties fail to follow the procedures and deadlines specified in the contract. For example, if the buyer does not conduct the inspection within the due diligence period, or if the seller does not respond to the buyer’s requests within the agreed time frame, then either party can be accused of breaching the contract. Inspection clauses are meant to protect the buyer from buying a defective or misrepresented property, and to protect the seller from unreasonable or excessive demands. However, they can also create conflicts and complications if the parties do not communicate and cooperate effectively.

3.Missed Deadlines:

  • A third common cause of breaches is missed deadlines. Real estate contracts usually have specific timelines for various stages of the transaction, such as due diligence periods, contingencies, and closing dates. These deadlines are meant to ensure that the transaction proceeds smoothly and efficiently. However, sometimes one or both parties may fail to meet these deadlines due to negligence, unforeseen circumstances, or deliberate delays. This can result in disruptions, penalties, or termination of the contract. Missed deadlines can also affect the validity and enforceability of the contract, as some deadlines are essential and non-negotiable, while others are flexible and subject to extensions or waivers. For example, if the buyer misses the closing date, which is the date when the title and the funds are exchanged, then the seller can either extend the closing date, cancel the contract, or sue the buyer for breach of contract. However, if the buyer misses a non-essential deadline, such as the date to submit a home warranty application, then the seller may not have the right to terminate the contract or seek damages, unless the contract specifies otherwise.

4. Fraudulent Operations:

  • A fourth common cause of breaches is fraudulent operations. This can happen when one party engages in fraud, misrepresentation, or failure to disclose material information about the property or the transaction. For example, the seller may conceal defects, liens, or encumbrances on the property, or the buyer may falsify their income, assets, or identity. These actions can constitute a breach of contract and also expose the party to legal liability. Fraudulent operations can also affect the validity and enforceability of the contract, as fraud, misrepresentation, or non-disclosure can render the contract void or voidable. For example, if the seller commits fraud by selling a property that they do not own, then the contract is void, meaning that it never existed and has no legal effect. However, if the seller commits misrepresentation by exaggerating the size or condition of the property, then the contract is voidable, meaning that the buyer can choose to either enforce or rescind the contract.

Understanding Real Estate Agreement Breaches: Causes and Consequences

Consequences of Real Estate Agreement Breaches:

A breach of a real estate agreement can have significant consequences for the parties involved, such as:

  • Substantial financial repercussions, including lost deposits, transaction costs, and legal fees. Depending on the nature and extent of the breach, the parties may incur substantial financial losses due to the cancellation or delay of the transaction. For example, the buyer may lose their earnest money deposit, which is a percentage of the purchase price that they pay to the seller as a sign of good faith and commitment. Alternatively, the seller may lose the opportunity to sell the property at the agreed price and incur additional costs of maintaining or relisting the property. Moreover, the parties may have to pay legal fees and expenses to resolve the dispute or enforce the contract.

  • Forfeiture of earnest money, impacting the breaching party. As mentioned above, the earnest money deposit is a significant amount of money that the buyer pays to the seller to secure the contract. However, if the buyer breaches the contract, they may forfeit their earnest money to the seller as a form of compensation. This can be a substantial loss for the buyer, especially if the deposit is large or non-refundable. On the other hand, if the seller breaches the contract, they may have to return the earnest money to the buyer, along with any interest or damages.

  • Lawsuits for damages or specific performance, leading to costly and protracted legal processes. If the parties cannot resolve the breach amicably, they may resort to legal action to seek remedies. The most common remedies are damages and specific performance. Damages are monetary payments that the breaching party pays to the non-breaching party to cover their financial losses. Specific performance is a court order that compels the breaching party to perform their obligations under the contract. However, both remedies can be difficult to obtain and enforce, as they require proving the breach, the causation, and the extent of the harm. Moreover, litigation can be time-consuming, expensive, and stressful for the parties involved.

  • Reputational damage affecting future real estate transactions. A breach of a real estate agreement can also damage the reputation and credibility of the parties involved, especially if the breach is intentional, fraudulent, or repeated. This can affect their ability to engage in future real estate transactions, as they may face distrust, scrutiny, or rejection from potential buyers, sellers, agents, or lenders. A breach can also tarnish the image and goodwill of the parties in the eyes of the public, the media, or the industry.

Remedies to Real Estate Agreement Breaches:

A breach of a real estate agreement does not necessarily mean that the transaction is over or that the parties have no recourse. There are various remedies available to the parties, depending on the nature and severity of the breach, the terms and conditions of the contract, and the preferences and interests of the parties. Some of the possible remedies are:

1.Compensatory Damages:

  • As discussed above, compensatory damages are monetary payments that the breaching party pays to the non-breaching party to cover their financial losses. This is the most common and straightforward remedy for a breach of a real estate agreement, as it aims to restore the non-breaching party to the position they would have been in had the breach not occurred. However, compensatory damages may not always be sufficient or satisfactory, as they may not account for other factors such as emotional distress, opportunity costs, or market changes.

2.Liquidated Damages Clause:

  • A liquidated damages clause is a provision in the contract that specifies a fixed sum of money that the breaching party agrees to pay to the non-breaching party in case of a breach. This is a way of simplifying and streamlining the remedy process, as it eliminates the need to prove the actual damages or to go to court. However, a liquidated damages clause must be reasonable and proportionate to the potential harm, otherwise it may be considered a penalty and be unenforceable.


  • Revocation is the termination of the contract and the restoration of the parties to their pre-agreement positions. This is a way of undoing the transaction and releasing the parties from their obligations. However, revocation may not always be possible or desirable, as it may entail additional costs, complications, or losses for the parties

LegalPay to the aid-

LegalPay is a legal finance specialist that uses its expertise to efficiently handle the challenges of litigation. LegalPay provides plaintiffs with financial assistance to cover their legal expenses, such as lawyer fees, court costs, expert witnesses, and living expenses. LegalPay does not charge any interest or fees until the case is resolved, and only recovers its investment if the plaintiff wins or settles the case. This means that plaintiffs do not have to worry about paying back LegalPay if they lose the case.

But how does LegalPay do it? How does it ensure that its financial assistance is effective and beneficial for the plaintiffs? Here are some of the ways that LegalPay demonstrates its proficiency in legal finance and manages the difficulties of litigation:

  • Risk Assessment: Before agreeing to finance a case, LegalPay’s team of financial and legal experts conducts thorough risk assessments. They can evaluate a case’s merits, chances of success, and potential for recovery thanks to their experience. By carefully assessing the situation, LegalPay and the plaintiffs they support can reduce risk.

  • Customized Finance Solutions: LegalPay is not a regular lender. It is a legal finance specialist that understands the specific needs of legal proceedings. LegalPay’s funding is tailored to each case’s unique requirements, from paying for initial legal bills to assisting with ongoing costs.

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  • Strategic Counsel: LegalPay offers plaintiffs more than just cash help; it also offers them strategic advice. They provide insights into potential legal strategy, settlement negotiations, and case management by using their knowledge. The likelihood of a successful outcome for the plaintiffs is increased by this comprehensive approach.


LegalPay is not just a financial provider, but a game-changer in the legal industry. It is a strategic partner that empowers plaintiffs to pursue justice by providing them with financial assistance and legal expertise. LegalPay uses its proficiency in legal finance to assess the risks, customize the solutions, monitor the cases, and counsel the plaintiffs throughout the litigation process. LegalPay effectively handles the challenges of litigation and ensures that the financial assistance is aligned with the changing nature of the legal dispute. LegalPay enables plaintiffs to seek their legal rights without being limited by unaffordable costs or intimidated by powerful opponents. LegalPay is making a positive impact on the legal system by making it more accessible, affordable, and equitable for everyone. LegalPay is changing the way third-party litigation financing is provided and creating a new paradigm of justice.

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